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The race is on. Major automotive companies all want to be the first to bring self-driving vehicles to consumers.
What a car needs before it stops needing you
Swift Navigation is the creator of Piksi
a new product—and an essential part of the Automotive
Sensor Suite—designed from the ground up for
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To ensure safety, Level 3+ vehicles require lane-level positioning with centimeter-level accuracy
U.S. interstate lanes have a width of 12 feet
The future of autonomous transportation is coming. The U.S. is poised to overcome these challenges and be an early leader in autonomous vehicle technology.
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Most functions are still controlled by the driver but the car can automatically perform specific functions, like cruise control.
The vehicle automatically performs acceleration/ deceleration and lane-centering based on the driving environment.
The driver is responsible for all aspects of driving.
Within known, limited environments, driving is entirely automated. However, the driver must be alert and prepared to intervene when prompted.
The automated system maintains complete control in all but a few environments such as severe weather.
Once a driver has set a destination, the vehicle operates entirely on its own.
As the only sensor that gives absolute position, GNSS is indispensable to ensure autonomous vehicles maintain their positions even in the most challenging conditions
Legacy centimeter-accurate GPS technology is also far too expensive for inclusion in autonomous vehicles
To be truly safe, the suite of sensors inside the car must work together to know the vehicle’s precise location to the centimeter
Adds $6,000 to $10,000 to a car’s retail cost
Each sensor plays an important role, and none can support autonomy alone
Conditions such as featureless environments, inclement weather and absent lane markings
Determines distance and speed in relation to obstacles, even in darkness and fog
Uses laser technology to generate a high-resolution 3-D map of the surrounding area
Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)
Senses rotational and linear motion of the vehicle
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
Reads GNSS data from multiple satellite constellations to determine absolute position, time and velocity of the vehicle
Monitor surroundings, read traffic lights and localize
The automotive sensor suite holds the key to reaching Level 3+ autonomy
The auto industry has not yet produced fully autonomous cars
What does a world of self-driving cars look like?
States with enacted autonomous vehicle legislation
Urban planners believe that autonomous vehicles can erase the need for up to 90% of parking lots. Today, the U.S. has close to a billion parking spots, roughly four times more parking spaces than vehicles. The total area devoted to parking is roughly 6,500 square miles , larger than the state of Connecticut.
U.S. commuters spend approximately 2 days each year stuck in traffic. The consistent speed and automated features of driverless cars will reduce the 5.5 billion hours Americans collectively spend stuck in traffic each year.
and braking would cut CO
emissions by as much as
300 million tons
per year, the
emissions equivalent of over
coal fired power plants.
Number of states that considered legislation related to autonomous vehicles
Human error currently causes 94% of crashes on U.S. roadways
Driverless vehicles could save U.S. consumers and companies $190 billion annually by drastically reducing traffic accidents
More than 30,000 people die each year in car accidents in the U.S.
Currently, the average car is parked 95% of the time. Driverless vehicles can valet park themselves outside of congested urban areas.
cutbacks on commute frustration
more efficient use of urban space
fewer traffic accidents
the u.s. is already preparing for this future
Levels of autonomy
Standard GPS can determine position to within 5-15 feet – not precise enough to stay in your lane
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