Approaching The Age Of Autonomous Vehicles

A Classic Infographic for Swift Navigation


Take a look into the world of self-driving cars in this infographic we collaborated with our friends at Swift Navigation on. Curious about where everything is at in the journey to full automation? We’ve got you covered.

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The race is on. Major automotive companies all want to be the first to bring self-driving vehicles to consumers. What a car needs before it stops needing you Swift Navigation is the creator of Piksi TM Multi GNSS, a new product—and an essential part of the Automotive Sensor Suite—designed from the ground up for centimeter-accurate autonomous driving. Piksi Multi is available now for the breakthrough price of $595 . To ensure safety, Level 3+ vehicles require lane-level positioning with centimeter-level accuracy U.S. interstate lanes have a width of 12 feet The future of autonomous transportation is coming. The U.S. is poised to overcome these challenges and be an early leader in autonomous vehicle technology. Download the free white paper: Piksi Multi for Autonomous Vehicles Sources: Driver Assistance Most functions are still controlled by the driver but the car can automatically perform specific functions, like cruise control. Partial Automation The vehicle automatically performs acceleration/ deceleration and lane-centering based on the driving environment. No Automation The driver is responsible for all aspects of driving. Conditional Automation Within known, limited environments, driving is entirely automated. However, the driver must be alert and prepared to intervene when prompted. High Automation The automated system maintains complete control in all but a few environments such as severe weather. Full Automation Once a driver has set a destination, the vehicle operates entirely on its own. 1 0 2 current level As the only sensor that gives absolute position, GNSS is indispensable to ensure autonomous vehicles maintain their positions even in the most challenging conditions Legacy centimeter-accurate GPS technology is also far too expensive for inclusion in autonomous vehicles To be truly safe, the suite of sensors inside the car must work together to know the vehicle’s precise location to the centimeter Adds $6,000 to $10,000 to a car’s retail cost Each sensor plays an important role, and none can support autonomy alone Conditions such as featureless environments, inclement weather and absent lane markings 3 4 5 Radar Determines distance and speed in relation to obstacles, even in darkness and fog LiDAR Uses laser technology to generate a high-resolution 3-D map of the surrounding area Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) Senses rotational and linear motion of the vehicle Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Reads GNSS data from multiple satellite constellations to determine absolute position, time and velocity of the vehicle Cameras Monitor surroundings, read traffic lights and localize Technical challenges Created by: The automotive sensor suite holds the key to reaching Level 3+ autonomy The auto industry has not yet produced fully autonomous cars What does a world of self-driving cars look like? States with enacted autonomous vehicle legislation Urban planners believe that autonomous vehicles can erase the need for up to 90% of parking lots. Today, the U.S. has close to a billion parking spots, roughly four times more parking spaces than vehicles. The total area devoted to parking is roughly 6,500 square miles, larger than the state of Connecticut. U.S. commuters spend approximately 2 days each year stuck in traffic. The consistent speed and automated features of driverless cars will reduce the 5.5 billion hours Americans collectively spend stuck in traffic each year. Optimized acceleration and braking would cut CO 2 emissions by as much as 300 million tons per year, the emissions equivalent of over 87 coal fired power plants. Number of states that considered legislation related to autonomous vehicles 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 1 6 10 12 16 20 Human error currently causes 94% of crashes on U.S. roadways Driverless vehicles could save U.S. consumers and companies $190 billion annually by drastically reducing traffic accidents More than 30,000 people die each year in car accidents in the U.S. cm Currently, the average car is parked 95% of the time. Driverless vehicles can valet park themselves outside of congested urban areas. 12 ft $ cutbacks on commute frustration more efficientuse of urban space fewer traffic accidents the u.s. is already preparing for this future Levels of autonomy Standard GPS can determine position to within 5-15 feet – not precise enough to stay in your lane 15 ft